Masanobu Fukuoka is one of the most remarkable men in Japan, although he passed away a couple of years ago, his teachings will resonate through time. He is known worldwide for his book “One Straw Revolution” a book that condenses his natural farming philosophy. Masanobu Fukuoka was a man who questioned society, being born in the industrial Japan age he felt victim of all the fringe prejudices that come along progress and technological advancement. One of the areas he felt was more affected was human ego and its urge to material gain and financial wealth accumulation. This in turn promoted the most aggressive and intensive production schemes in society turning men into machines and machines into slaves of society, mass production of technology, goods and food to sustain the rapidly growing populations. For Fukuoka nature has been subdued to systems, machines and intensive productivity methods that have destroyed nature and human relationship with it. With it farming has also brought unhealthy food and unhealthy eating habits, men have become malnourished and conformed with quantity and not real food quality.
Masanobu Fukuoka’s wisdom in farming went beyond methods of natural farming and harvesting but also questioned human’s natural diet. That is why he classified it in four main types of diet which are:
- The lax diet conforming to habitual desires and taste preferences.
- The standard nutritional diet of most people, proceeding form biological conclusions.
- The diet based on spiritual principles and idealistic philosophy.
- The natural diet, following the will of heaven.
For Fukuoka de diet principle is to be aware of your food and to be aware of where food comes from.
“When food, the body, the heart, and the mind become perfectly united within nature, a natural diet becomes possible”
People must be aware of the food and develop a respect for it, such as respecting the seasons when you are allowed to eat certain foods. Below is the food mandala developed by Masanobu Fukuoka where he explains the foods one should eat depending on the season of the year. He criticises how intensive farming produces food all year creating artificial conditions to food so it can be harvested all year, such as stationary fruits and vegetables.
Nature’s Food Mandala